theoria is meaning...

meaning of the vocabulary of the visual construct

3D modelling

 3D modeling (or three-dimensional modeling) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object in three dimensions via specialized software. also: three-dimensional modeling | 3D model | modelling | 3D modeling


Actions are an intentional, purposive, conscious and subjectively meaningful activity. Desire and belief jointly cause the action. keyword: action


to add something to something else. variations: addition | added | adding | additions | add

aerial perspective

An aerial perspective or atmospheric perspective is a technique for rendering depth or distance by muting the hue, tone, and distinctness of objects perceived as receding...


Aerography is a surrealist method in which a stencil used in spraypainting is replaced by a three-dimensional object. also: spray painting

Amman tiling

The Amman tiling is an aperiodic set of two tiles and a foursome of 'golden rhombohedra’, which form aperiodic tilings in three dimensions. The...

analytical drawing

Analytical drawing relates to the drawing of lines to represent the three-dimensional structure and geometry of a form, proceeding generally from the whole to...


analytique is an elevation drawing of a façade, surrounded by a decorative arrangement of drawings of important details and sometimes a plan or section...


Anamorphosis is a distorted image that appears in natural form only when viewed at a special angle or reflected from a curved mirror.


An annulus, or little ring, is a ring-shaped object, a region bounded by two concentric circles. also: little ring, anulus, anuli, annuli


An arbelos is a plane region bounded by three semicircles connected at the corners, all on the same side of a straight line (the baseline) that contains their diameters.

Archimedean spiral

The Archimedean spiral, or arithmetic spiral, is a spiral named after the 3rd century BC Greek mathematician Archimedes. It is the locus of points corresponding to the locations over time of a...

area plan

Area plan is a plan showing the principal elements of a design project in the wider context of its surrounding environment.


an ordered series or arrangement. variations: array | arrays | arrayer | arrayed


a three-dimensional construct...


An astroid is a particular mathematical curve: a hypocycloid with four cusps. Specifically, it is the locus of a point on a circle as it rolls inside a fixed circle...

automatic drawing

Automatic drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the...


Axonometric is a paraline drawing of an axonometric projection, having all lines parallel to the three principal axes drawn to scale but diagonal and...

axonometric projection

axonometric projection is the orthographic projection of a three-dimensional object inclined to the picture plane in such a way that its three principal axes...


The way in which something acts and or reacts in response to a particular situation or stimulus. keyword: behaviour


to move in a way so that it is not straight. variations: bend | bent | bends


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: branch | branched | branching | branches


Bulletism is shooting ink at a blank piece of paper, then developing images based on what is seen.

cabinet drawing

Cabinet drawing is a paraline drawing of an oblique projection, having all lines parallel to the picture plane drawn to exact scale, and the receding lines...


A calligramme is a text or poem of a type developed by Guillaume Apollinaire in which the words or letters make up a shape, particularly a shape connected to the...


A cardioid, heart-like form, is a plane curve traced by a point on the perimeter of a circle that is rolling around a fixed circle of the...


to cut in order to produce an object... variations: carve | carved | carving

cavalier drawing

Cavalier drawing is a paraline drawing of an oblique projection, having the receding lines perpendicular to the picture plane drawn to the same scale as the...


a round plane figure whose boundary – the circumference – consists of points equidistant from a fixed point the centre. variation: circle | circles


to move in a circular or spiral course. variations: coiled | coiling


Collage is the assemblage of different forms creating a new whole.


a way of selecting items from a collection, such that the order of selection does not matter. keyword: combination


the nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up. keyword: composition


to flatten, squeeze or press by pressure… variations: compress | compressed | compression | compresses | compressing

conception drawing

Conception is a drawing of something that does not exist yet. also: conception


the state of something with regard to its appearance, quality, or working order. keyword: condition


to associate or relate (something) in some respect... variations: connect | connecting | connects


a relationship in which things are linked or associated with something else... keyword: connection

construction drawing

Construction drawings, also called contract drawings or working drawings, are the portion of the contract documents showing accurate graphic or pictorial form the design,...

contour drawing

Contour drawing is a technique of drawing lines to represent the contours of a subject, without shading or modelling of form.


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: cracking | crack | cracks | cracked


Cross-contour drawing is the technique of drawing lines to represent a series of cuts across the surface of a form rather than its edges. also: cross-contour drawing


the act of traversing or traveling across... variations: crossing | cross | crossed | crosses


The process or result of changing from one activity or style to another. keyword: crossover


to press or crush into irregular folds or into a compact mass, to bend out of shape, rumple, or wrinkle… variations: crumple | crumpling | crumpled


a solid object with six square sides of equal size. variations: cube | cubes | cubic


Cutaway is a drawing or model having an outer section removed to display the interior.


A decagon is a ten-sided polygon or 10-gon. A regular decagon has all sides of equal length and each internal angle will always be equal to 144°.

deltoid curve

A deltoid curve, deltoid, tricuspoid or Steiner curve, is a hypocycloid of three cusps. In other words, it is the roulette created by a point on the circumference of a circle as it...

descriptive geometry

the theory of making projections of three-dimensional objects on a plane surface in order to deduce their geometric properties and relationships.

design drawing

Any of the drawings made to aid in the visualisation, exploration, and evaluation of a concept in the design process.


a longer, less direct way to get where you're going; rerouting. keyword: detour


artistic work using digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process...


combining digital and analog tools and techniques...


to move (something) from its proper or usual position. variations: displace | displaced | displacing


A dodecagon or 12-gon is any twelve-sided polygon. A regular dodecagon is a figure with sides of the same length and internal angles of the same size. It has...


a draft is a preliminary sketch of a design or plan, typically one subject to revision also: preliminary sketch


Drafting or mechanical drawing is a drawing done with the aid of such instruments as T-squares, triangles, compasses, and scales, specifically for the systemic representation...


a change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause. keyword: effect


an elevation is an orthographic projection of an object or structure on a vertical picture plane parallel to one of its sides also: elevation drawing


An ellipse is a curve in a plane surrounding two focal points such that the sum of the distances to the two focal points is constant for every point on...


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: embed | embedded | embedding


to unexpectedly be faced with or experience something. keyword: encounter


to cause to become twisted together with or caught in… variations: entangled | tangle | entangle | entangler | entanglement


Esquisse is a sketch showing the general features of a design or plan.


to make larger or more extensive… variations: expanding | expand | expansion | expanded

exploded view

an exploded view, or expanded view, is a drawing that shows the individual parts of a structure or construction separately but Indicates their proper relationships...


the fact of experiencing something or being affected by it because of being in a particular situation or place keyword: exposure


to remove or take out… variations: extract | extracting | extraction | extracts


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: extrude | extruded | extrusion | extrusions


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: flocking | flock | flocked | flocks


to bring into a compact form by bending and laying parts together... variations: fold | fold in | fold up | folding | folds | folded


break or cause to break. variations: fractures | fractured

freehand drawing

Freehand drawing is the art, process, or technique of drawing by hand without the aid of drafting tools or mechanical divides, in order to represent...

gesture drawing

Gesture drawing is a technique of drawing a single or multiple lines freely and quickly as a subject is visualised and perceptions of volume, mass,...

golden section

The division of a line so that the whole is to the greater part as that part is to the smaller part (i.e. in...


a step or stage in a course or process… variations: grade | graded | grading | grades

grading plan

a grading plan is a plan showing the proposed finish contours and elevations of the ground surface of a construction site also: grading plan


A grid is a framework of spaced bars that are parallel to or cross each other; a grating.


to put together or considered as a unit. variations: grouping | grouped | groups


the art, process, or technique of drawing by hand...


A hendecagon, undecagon, endecagon, or 11-gon is an eleven-sided polygon. A regular hendecagon has internal angles of 147.27 degrees. also: undecagon, endecagon


A heptagon is a seven-sided polygon or 7-gon. A regular heptagon, in which all sides and all angles are equal, has internal angles of 5π/7 radians (128​4⁄7 degrees). also: septagon


A hexadecagon, hexakaidecagon, or 16-gon is a sixteen-sided polygon. A regular hexadecagon is a hexadecagon in which all angles are equal and all sides are congruent. also: hexakaidecagon


a shape with six straight sides. variations: hexagon | hexagons

hybrid drawing

any drawing that mixes and superimposes a variety of ideas, techniques or media into a new, meaningful image also: hybrid


An icosagon, or 20-gon, is a twenty-sided polygon. The sum of any icosagon's interior angles is 3240 degrees.


to increase (something) by a large or excessive amount. variations: inflate | inflates | inflated


to mark in a conspicuous way… variations: inscribing | inscribe | inscribed


an extremely short period of time, a moment. keyword: instant


the measurable amount of a property keyword: intensity


to fit together firmly. variations: interlock | interlocking


the area where two or more spaces join or cross each other. variations: intersect | intersects | intersected | intersection | intersections


the space between things or events. keyword: interstice

irregular shape

A polygon that does not have all sides equal and all angles equal also: irregular polygon


Isometric comes from the Greek for "having equal measurement". Isometric projection or isometric perspective is an axonometric projection of a three-dimensional object having its principal faces...


to place close together two things being seen with contrasting effect... keyword: juxtaposition


one thickness, course, or fold laid or lying over or under another. keyword: layer


to raise to a higher position or level… variations: lifting | lift | lifted | lifts


a long, thin mark on the surface of something. A line is the edge or contour of a shape In drawing, a line is a thin, continuous mark made on a...


to become firmly embedded in a place… variations: lodge | lodged | lodging


to enfold or encircle in or with something arranged in a loop... variations: loop | looped | loops | looping


a comprehensive urban plan of action also: master plan


things of a particular type, the subject matter. keyword: matter


the faculty by which the mind stores and remembers information. keyword: memory


combine or cause to combine to form a single entity. variations: merges | merged

military projection

in a military projection, the horizontal sections are isometrically drawn so that the floor plans are not distorted and the verticals are drawn at an...


to form something by forcing or pushing it out. variations: mirroring | mirror

mixed media

employing more than one medium...


the action or process of moving or being moved. keyword: motion


A nonagon, or enneagon, is a nine-sided polygon or 9-gon. A regular nonagon has internal angles of 140°. also: enneagon


to make an indentation or incision on an edge or surface. variations: notch | notched | notches


Non-uniform rational basis splines (NURBs) are curves and surfaces that introduce precision to the description of free-form surfaces. A NURBs curve is defined by its...


anything that has a fixed shape or form and that can be known or perceived by the mind. keyword: object


An octagon is a plane figure with eight straight sides and eight angles also: regular octagon


to change the amount or distance by which something is out of line. variations: offset | offsets

one-point perspective

One-point perspective is a linear perspective of a rectangular object or volume having a principal face parallel with the picture plane so that the...


the way that the parts of a system work together, or the process of making parts of a system work together. keyword: operation

orthographic projection

Orthographic Projection is a way of drawing an 3D object from different directions. Usually a front, side and plan view is drawn so that a person looking...


having a rounded and slightly elongated outline or shape like that of an egg


to cover something partly by going over its edge or to cover part of the same space. variations: overlap | overlapping | overlapped


the action or process of filling or stuffing something… variations: packing | packed | pack

paraline obliques

a paraline oblique is a paraline drawing of an oblique projection, having all lines and faces parallel to the picture plane drawn to exact scale, and all...


the nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up. keyword: pattern


a plane figure with five straight sides and five angles.


A pentagram, pentalpha, pentangle or star pentagon, is the shape of a five-pointed star drawn with five straight strokes. also: pentalpha, pentangle, star pentagon


the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted. keyword: perception

perspective drawing

any various techniques for representing three-dimensional objects and spatial relationships on a two-dimensional surface as they might appear to the eye also: linear perspective | perspective drawing | perspective...


to grip tightly and sharply... variations: pinch | pinched | pinching | pinches


a plan is an orthographic projection of the top or section of an object or structure on a horizontal plane also: plan view


a flat or level surface that continues in all directions. variations: plane | planes | planar


a small, round mark on a line, plan, or map to show the position of something. variations: point | points


something that you can choose to do in a particular situation. keyword: possibility


to draw or haul toward oneself or itself, in a particular direction, or into a particular position… variations: pull | pulled | pulling | pulls


to make a small hole or a perforation on something. variations: puncture | punctures | punctured


a behaviour, a feeling or an action that is a direct result of something else. keyword: reaction


the relationships that exist between subjects and events. keyword: relation


a rendering is a drawing, especially a perspective, of a building or interior space, artistically delineating materials, shades, and shadows, usually done for the...


to repeat, or the recurrence of an action or event. variations: repeat | repetition | repetitions | repeating | repeated

rip tear or pull (something) quickly or forcibly apart. variations: rip | rips | ripping | ripped


the movement in a circle around a fixed point. variations: rotate | rotates | rotation | rotations | rotational | rotating


a section is an orthographic projection of an object or structure as it would appear if cut through by an intersecting plane to show...


the external form, contours, or outline of something. also: shapes


to break off or cause to break off… variations: shear | shearer | shearless | sheared


move or cause to move from one place to another… variations: shift | shifted | shifting | shifts | reshift | shiftingness | shiftingly


A sketch is a simply or hastily executed drawing representing the essential features of an object or scene without the details often made as a preliminary...


to suddenly change direction or position… variations: skew | skewed | skewness | skewing


an object shaped like a round ball. variations: sphere | spheres | spherical


to continuously go around a fixed point or center while constantly receding from or approaching it… variations: spiraling | spiralled


to (cause to) divide into two or more parts, especially along a particular line. variations: split | splits | splitting