A calligramme is a text or poem of a type developed by Guillaume Apollinaire in which the words or letters make up a shape, particularly a shape connected to the...


Bulletism is shooting ink at a blank piece of paper, then developing images based on what is seen.

automatic drawing

Automatic drawing was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious. In automatic drawing, the hand is allowed to move 'randomly' across the...


Collage is the assemblage of different forms creating a new whole.


Aerography is a surrealist method in which a stencil used in spraypainting is replaced by a three-dimensional object. also: spray painting

gesture drawing

Gesture drawing is a technique of drawing a single or multiple lines freely and quickly as a subject is visualised and perceptions of volume, mass,...


Cross-contour drawing is the technique of drawing lines to represent a series of cuts across the surface of a form rather than its edges. also: cross-contour drawing

freehand drawing

Freehand drawing is the art, process, or technique of drawing by hand without the aid of drafting tools or mechanical divides, in order to represent...


Esquisse is a sketch showing the general features of a design or plan.

military projection

in a military projection, the horizontal sections are isometrically drawn so that the floor plans are not distorted and the verticals are drawn at an...


a vignette is a drawing that is shaded off gradually into the surrounding paper so as to leave no definite line at the border also:...


a draft is a preliminary sketch of a design or plan, typically one subject to revision also: preliminary sketch