26 Types of Drawings… or the many ‘faces’ of a line

Drawing is the art, process, the technique of representing an object, scene, or idea by means of lines on a surface. The term drawing is applied to works that vary greatly in technique. It has...

Abstract: The Replacement of Nature

Simply put, abstract exists in thought or as an idea that does not bear a physical or concrete existence. Traditionally relates to art that does not attempt to represent external reality, but rather seeks...

Modern structures: The Metallic Language of the Pompidou Centre

The Metallic Language of the Pompidou Centre In their modern form, as structural ‘skeleton’ for a building, steel frames achieved great prevalence in twentieth-century architecture, a position they continue to hold today. A quick reading of Pompidou’s...

Utopia: imagined perfect places

Utopias are 'invisible cities’, imagined perfect places, idealized states of possibility, envisioned in the minds of designers and writers like ltalo Calvino. The term was first used as the name of an imaginary island by...

Collage: The Exploitation of Chance and Deliberation

Collage is the juxtaposition of disparate things and the twentieth-century mode of manifesting paradox ‘par excellence’. — Lebbeus Woods Collage is an art form and a technique in which the work of art is made...

Diagram: Engaging the Complexity of the Real

Simply put, a diagram is a simplified drawing showing the appearance, structure, or workings of something; a schematic representation. A diagram is a drawing that, stripped of all superfluous and distracting data, shows the general...

Paranoiac-critical method: the idea of the ‘double- image’

The Paranoiac-critical method was the invention of Salvador Dali and is an extension of the method of simulation into the field of visual play, based on the idea of the 'double- image'. According to Dali...

Folding: The Intuition of Form-making

When speaking of the fold, it is the echoes of Deleuze and Guattari that spring to mind – highly suggestive by some of their book titles. In essence, at its core lays the implication...

Zoomorphic: the animal within architecture

Zoomorphic deals with the animalization of inanimate objects. Animal bone structures lurk in the bridges of Santiago Calatrava and Ian Ritchie, and also in the metaphorical and concept-generating wings, fins, scales and crustacea of...

Abduction: the alternative urban action

The Latin American anthropologist Jesús Barbero characterises new urban cultures and their use of knowledge as abduction, which denotes an alternative action. Abduction, denotes the action of taking a lateral exit in a formal argument, rather than going forward...